Holes in the Yard

— Written By

Do you have holes appearing in your lawn? Use the chart below to figure out what or who is causing damage to your lawn.

white squirrel

Hole Size and Location


6 – 10 inches in diameter, no mound, scattered in lawn skunk or raccoon
6 – 10 inches in diameter, mound four inches high, near garden or barn groundhog
2 inches in diameter, no mound, scattered in lawn squirrel digging acorns
2 inches in diameter, small mound one inch high, under a shrub, log pile or concrete slab chipmunk or rat
2 inches diameter, small mound, in lawn with markedly raised grass nearby mole
1 inch diameter, no mound, multiple holes under shrubs vole
1 inch diameter, soil thinly scattered around hole, middle of the yard cicada killer wasp
1 inch diameter, two inches high and made from balls of mud, near creek crayfish
One-fourth inch diameter, mound two inches high & wide, several in middle of the lawn ground bee

No hole, mound two inches high & wide, several in middle of the lawn

(list credit Walter Reeves, UGA Extension Agent, Retired)


Dealing with nuisance wildlife can be challenging. Deer, beavers, bears, squirrels, raccoons, groundhogs, voles, and moles are valuable members of our Western North Carolina environment. Sometimes however, these animals negatively impact our properties and we need to discourage them.

Here are some tips for controlling wildlife:

  • Correctly identify the species causing the problem.
  • Alter the habitat if possible, to make the area less attractive to the wildlife pest.
  • Use a control method appropriate to the location, time of year, and other environmental conditions.
  • Monitor the site for re-infestation in order to determine if additional control is necessary.

The most commonly used methods for controlling nuisance wildlife around homes and gardens include exclusion, habitat modification, repellents, traps, and disturbing. If you can’t get control of your nuisance animal situation, try one of our local wildlife control contractors.