Garden Update – January

— Written By
en Español / em Português

El inglés es el idioma de control de esta página. En la medida en que haya algún conflicto entre la traducción al inglés y la traducción, el inglés prevalece.

Al hacer clic en el enlace de traducción se activa un servicio de traducción gratuito para convertir la página al español. Al igual que con cualquier traducción por Internet, la conversión no es sensible al contexto y puede que no traduzca el texto en su significado original. NC State Extension no garantiza la exactitud del texto traducido. Por favor, tenga en cuenta que algunas aplicaciones y/o servicios pueden no funcionar como se espera cuando se traducen.


Inglês é o idioma de controle desta página. Na medida que haja algum conflito entre o texto original em Inglês e a tradução, o Inglês prevalece.

Ao clicar no link de tradução, um serviço gratuito de tradução será ativado para converter a página para o Português. Como em qualquer tradução pela internet, a conversão não é sensivel ao contexto e pode não ocorrer a tradução para o significado orginal. O serviço de Extensão da Carolina do Norte (NC State Extension) não garante a exatidão do texto traduzido. Por favor, observe que algumas funções ou serviços podem não funcionar como esperado após a tradução.


English is the controlling language of this page. To the extent there is any conflict between the English text and the translation, English controls.

Clicking on the translation link activates a free translation service to convert the page to Spanish. As with any Internet translation, the conversion is not context-sensitive and may not translate the text to its original meaning. NC State Extension does not guarantee the accuracy of the translated text. Please note that some applications and/or services may not function as expected when translated.

Collapse ▲

January weather

Plants in Flower Witch Hazel, Daphne odora, January Jasmine, and Hellebores. Indoors: Amaryllis, Cyclamen, Poinsettia

Plants with Colorful Winter Berries American Beautyberry, Burford Holly, Chinese Holly, Foster Holly, Nellie R. Stevens Holly, Nandina (invasive), Pyracantha (invasive), and Washington Hawthorn.

ilex verticillata winterberry

Deciduous hollies drop their leaves and keep their fruit all winter until the birds finally eat them.


What to Fertilize Use wood ashes on your vegetable garden, bulb beds, and non-acid loving plants if the pH of the soil is below 6.0.

What to Plant Plant asparagus crowns this month when soil is dry enough to work.

What to Prune Prune grapevines and fruit trees. Prune broken and undesired limbs on your shade trees. Remove “weed” or undesirable trees from your landscape.

proper pruning Branch pruning Cut branch

Pest Outlook Scout dormant trees for scale insects, especially fruit trees.

Lawn Care Keep tree leaves from collecting on your lawn.

Propagation Hardwood cuttings of many landscape plants like forsythia (yellow bells), flowering quince, weigela, crape myrtle, juniper, spirea, and hydrangea can be taken this month.

Specific Chores

  • Do not forget to care for holiday house plants like poinsettia, amaryllis, Christmas cactus, gloxinia, and cyclamen.
  • Order your vegetable seeds for the year.
  • Order your small fruit plants like strawberry, blueberry, and blackberry for a mid-March planting.
  • Study your home landscape to see what additions or improvements can be made this spring.
  • Visit your local Extension Center for landscape and garden information.
  • Prepare a spot in the vegetable garden for early spring vegetables like English peas, cabbage, carrots, onions, Irish potatoes, radishes, rutabagas, spinach, and turnips.
  • Study your seed catalogs and check for the All-America Selections of flowers and vegetables.
  • Order fruit trees, if not done last fall. Contact the N.C. Cooperative Extension, Henderson County Center to find out the recommended small fruit varieties for your area.