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November Garden Calendar – NC Mountains

November Garden Calendar

Plants in Flower

  • Witch Hazel, Sasanqua Camellia and Japonica Camellia.

Plants with Colorful Berries

  • American Beautyberry, Burford Holly, Deciduous Holly, Foster Holly, Nellie R. Stevens Holly, Nandina, Pyracantha, Washington Hawthorn, and Dogwood

What to Fertilize

  • Use wood ashes around the vegetable garden, bulb beds, and around non-acid loving plants if soil pH is below 6.0.
  • A fee will be charged for soil samples during the months of December through March. Don’t delay, collect and mail your soil samples in November to avoid the $4 per sample charge.

What to Plant

  • Trees and shrubs can be transplanted in the autumn.
  • Plant one year old asparagus crowns in the vegetable garden this month.
  • Plant spring-flowering bulbs like daffodil, tulip, crocus and hyacinth.

What to Prune

  • Time to trim existing asparagus foliage. Cut to the ground after the foliage is killed by frost.
  • Cut back and clean up frost-killed perennials.
  • When cutting holiday greenery, use sharp pruners to make cuts above a bud or side branch.

Pest Outlook

  • None

Lawn Care

  • Mow your Kentucky bluegrass or tall fescue lawn as needed.
  • Keep tree leaves from collecting on your lawn.


  • Water cuttings inside your coldframe or propagation bed as needed.
  • You may want to try your hand at air layering on some of your house plants such as dieffenbachia or dumb cane.

Specific Chores

  • If your soil test results from September or October have been received, apply the recommended lime to the areas in need of liming. Wait until spring to fertilize.
  • Check with the local Extension office for the recommended fruit varieties for the area.
  • Order fruit trees and grape vines this month for a February or March delivery and planting.
  • Remember to water your evergreen trees and shrubs thoroughly before winter set in, particularly if weather conditions have been dry.
  • Look to see if screens or windbreaks are needed around your home.
  • Continue filling the compost bin with the fallen leaves.
  • Look for yuletide plants as gifts. Remember, some plants like poinsettias should be placed in the sunniest room in the house.
  • Consider giving your family gardener a holiday gift to use in the garden.