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January Garden Calendar – NC Mountains

January Garden Calendar

Plants in Flower

  • Witch Hazel, Daphne odora, January Jasmine and Hellebores.
  • Indoors: Amaryllis, Cyclamen, Poinsettia

Plants with Colorful Berries

  • American Beautyberry, Burford Holly, Chinese Holly, Foster Holly, Nellie R. Stevens Holly, Nandina, Pyracantha, and Washington Hawthorn.

What to Fertilize

  • Use wood ashes on your vegetable garden, bulb beds and non-acid loving plants if the pH of the soil is below 6.0.

What to Plant

  • Plant asparagus crowns this month when soil is dry enough to work.

What to Prune

  • Prune grape vines and fruit trees.
  • Prune broken and undesired limbs on your shade trees.
  • Remove “weed” or undesirable trees from your landscape.

Pest Outlook

  • None

Lawn Care

  • Keep tree leaves from collecting on your lawn.


  • Hardwood cuttings of many landscape plants like forsythia (yellow bells), flowering quince, weigela, crape myrtle, juniper, spirea and hydrangea can be taken this month.

Specific Chores

  • Do not forget to care for holiday house plants like poinsettia, amaryllis, Christmas cactus, gloxinia and cyclamen.
  • Order your small fruit plants like strawberry, blueberry and blackberry for a mid-March planting.
  • Study your home landscape to see what additions or improvements can be made this spring.
  • Visit your local Extension Center for landscape and garden information.
  • Prepare a spot in the vegetable garden for early spring vegetables like English peas, cabbage, carrots, onions, Irish potatoes, radishes, rutabagas, spinach and turnips.
  • Study your seed catalogs and check for the All-America Selections of flowers and vegetables.
  • Order fruit trees, if not done last fall.
  • Contact the Extension Center to find out the recommended small fruit varieties for your area.

All Year’s Garden Calendar